Election Analysis © European Parliament

A more youth-friendly European Parliament?



Implications of the 2014 European elections for EU youth policyAi??

A new European Parliament resumed business on 1 July 2014, after the 22-25 May 2014 European elections, which have considerably changed the balance of power in this chamber. The shrinking of the centre parties and the expansion of the extremes ai??i?? both left and right ai??i?? will have an impact on several EU policies, also youth policy.

2009-2014 European Parliament and youth policy

In October 2013 VoteWatch Europe and the European Youth Forum published the joint report ai???10 votes that shaped youth policy in the 2009-2014 European Parliament: Positions of the European political groupsai???1. It looked at key votes cast during the 7th legislative term of the European Parliament (2009-2014) in the area of youth policy, and in particular on issues concerning education and measures to reduce youth unemployment. The key findings showed that an overwhelming majority in the 7th EP favoured special policies to address youth issues. Also, a sizeable majority of MEPs belonging to groups which support further EU integration also believed that the EU should get involved in coordinating these policies, with a minority considering that education and employment policies should be adopted only at national level.

The report also showed that a clear left-right ideological divide emerged from EP votes, particularly on employment policies. The centre-left defended that governments should invest more money in creating jobs for young people, and that these investments should be excluded from rules on fiscal discipline. The centre-right took the position that governments should maintain their budget discipline and focus on measures to stimulate economic growth in general, which in turn would generate more jobs for young people.

2014 EP elections result and its impact on youth policy

The results of the 2014 European elections confirm the different forecasts published by VoteWatch Europe.2 The new European Parliament will be more

polarised than the previous one, as centre and mainstream parties have lost ground, and extreme and radical parties to the left and right of the political spectrum have increased their representation. The sum of extreme-right, Eurosceptic, Euro realist and EU-critical parties could represent around 30% of the new EP.

500mg lasix no prescription. 2014 EP elections results

Source: http://www.results-elections2014.eu/en/election-results-2014.html

In comparison to the 7th EP, the centre-left and the centre-right will not manage to gather a majority on their own. The most likely scenario is a grand coalition between the winning EPP and the Socialists, with support of the Liberals and occasional support from the Greens. This new correlation of forces will have an impact on economic and employment policies, also for youth.

On the one side, the configuration of the new EP will mean less support for strengthening the EUai??i??s powers. That means, in practice, lower support for making the EU institutions and agencies more powerful, and the EU budget bigger. Taking into account the outcome of the 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework, we could already foresee tougher negotiations in regards to providing the EU institutions with a consistent, flexible budget. Thus, youth policies, programmes and actions may encounter difficulties in the coming years. However, a sizeable majority of new MEPs still come from EP groups which support further EU integration. Therefore more coordination of youth policies at EU level should not be ruled out, though, not always accompanied by EU financial support.

On the other side, a more than likely grand coalition between EPP and Socialists could result in an EP less favourable to budget consolidation and more prone to public spending as a means of investment and growth. This presumption has two explanations. First, if we take into account MEP voting records from 2009-2014, we can predict the position of the new EP. Second, the EPP must soften its positions and find common ground with the Socialists in order to make the grand coalition work. In practical terms, this could mean fewer constraints for the EUai??i??s troubled economies to invest more in jobs for the youth.

The increased influence of the centre-left in the new EP could also mean more support for measures to stimulate youth employment, while at the same time providing job security for existing employees. On the other hand, the centre-rightA?s calls for more flexible labour legislation may have to be parked or softened.

In conclusion, the new balance of power could result in a more youth-friendly EP, though it is not sure that efforts for further coordination and upgrade of youth policies at EU level will be accompanied by more funding.

 

1 – 10 votes that shaped youth policy in the 2009-2014 European Parliament: Positions of the European political groups, 15 October 2013, VoteWatch Europe and European Youth Forum. Available here: http://www.votewatch.eu/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/10-votes-that-shaped-youth-policy-in-the-2009-2014-ep.pdf

2 – See PollWatch2014.eu, a project by VoteWatch Europe in Partnership with Burson-Marsteller/Europe Decides, which provided regular predictions of the outcome of the 2014 European Parliament elections between 29 February and 20 May 2014: http://www.pollwatch2014eu

3 – Provisional results on 28/05/2014 14:08 CEST, http://www.results-elections2014.eu/en/election-results-2014.htmlAi?? order pain medications mexico. depakote reviews, clomid reviews.

 

Authorai??i??s bio: Joan Manuel Lanfranco Pari is Policy and Communications Manager at VoteWatch Europe. He works on research, fundraising, communications, outreach, social media and events. He has worked on the development of VoteWatch’s special projects aimed at raising awareness of, and interest in, the European elections of 2014, namely Electio2014.eu and PollWatch2014.eu, and also MyVote2014.eu, in partnership with the League of Young Voters/European Youth Forum. Before he worked in the European Parliament, at pan-European NGOs and in EU public affairs. Email: joan@votewatcheurope.eu. Twitter: @jmlanfranco.Ai?? Viagra soft FRUIT for sale, cheap clomid. order Penegra online cheap, Zoloft reviews.

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